Research Areas

The lab members are currently investigating these broad research areas. However, new ideas come and the lab is ready to take up new challenges. Therefore, the entire research activity of the lab is not limited to only these areas. Prospective students and collaborators are requested to look at our publications to get an overall summary of the work. Please click on the plots here to go the journal websites.

Bilingualism and Cognition


The lab studies both linguistic (parallel language activation) and also non-linguistic (executive control) mechanisms in Indian bilinguals. Many publications from the lab show that language proficiency in bilinguals modulates both language non-selective activation and also executive control in attentionally demanding tasks. Recently we have started to explore how interpersonal knowledge about cultural and linguistic status may influence the choice of language production in bilinguals. We also study how simultaneous cognitive load (working memory) influences language perception and activation in bilinguals. We use behavioural methods such as eye tracking and more traditional psycholinguistic methods to study these processes.


Keerthana Kapiley, Lekhnath Pathak, Divya Bhatia, Kesaban Roy Chaudhuri, SLV Kaushik

Selected Publications

Singh, J. P., & Mishra, R. K. (2015). Effect of bilingualism on anticipatory oculomotor control. International Journal of Bilingualism, 1367006915572398.

Singh, N., & Mishra, R. K. (2014). The modulatory role of second language proficiency on performance monitoring: evidence from a saccadic countermanding task in high and low proficient bilinguals. Frontiers in Psychology, 5.

Singh, N., & Mishra, R. K. (2012). Does language proficiency modulate oculomotor control? Evidence from Hindi–English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15(04), 771-781.

Mishra, R. K., Hilchey, M. D., Singh, N., & Klein, R. M. (2012). On the time course of exogenous cueing effects in bilinguals: higher proficiency in a second language is associated with more rapid endogenous disengagement. The Quarterly Journal of experimental psychology, 65(8), 1502-1510.

Action control



The ultimate goal of cognition is to produce relevant actions. However, a controversial issue has been if goal driven actions are a result of one’s top-down processing or they can also result from bottom-up processing. We examine how subliminally presented primes may influence both choice and execution of actions when they are voluntary. We study both simple motor responses using eye tracking as well as complex tasks such as object naming in bilinguals.


Seema Prasad

Selected publications

Prasad, S. G. & Mishra, R. K. (Dec 2015). Voluntary naming in bilinguals: Effects of subliminal priming on language selection. The Third St. Petersburg Workshop on Experimental Studies of Speech and Language. St. Peterburg, Russia.

Language & vision interaction


We study how language and vision interact to produce cognition. This line of work using the popular visual world eye-tracking paradigm has demonstrated that linguistic and non-linguistic processing dynamically interacts during everyday processing. We have explored this using both spoken words and also other stimuli such as pictures. Results obtained show that cognition is multimodal and very much interactive in nature.


Seema Prasad

Selected Publications

Huettig, F., Srinivasan, N., & Mishra, R. (2015). Introduction to ‘Attention and vision in language processing’. In Attention and vision in language processing. Springer.

Mishra, R. K., & Singh, N. (2014). Language non-selective activation of orthography during spoken word processing in Hindi–English sequential bilinguals: an eye tracking visual world study. Reading and Writing, 27(1), 129-151.

Mishra, R. K., & Marmolejo-Ramos, F. (2010). On the mental representations originating during the interaction between language and visionCognitive Processing11(4), 295-305.


Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos, Stockholm University, Sweden

Cognition in the Deaf


It’s important to examine and extend cognitive psychological facts in a wider range of humans. We are exploring visual, attentional and executive control related issues in hearing impaired adults. Many studies show that hearing impairment leads to changes in the visual system. These advantages could be at the level of visual awareness and also attentional. We use eye tracking to study these effects in both hearing and hearing impaired participants. We wish to continue this line of study further with more investigations using brain imaging methods such as the EEG.


Seema Prasad, Graduate Student
S L V Kaushik, Intern
Srikant Jayaraman, Intern

Important publications

Prasad, S. G., Patil, G. S., & Mishra, R. K. (2015). Effect of Exogenous Cues on Covert Spatial Orienting in Deaf and Normal Hearing Individuals.PloS one, 10(10), e0141324.(pdf)

Jayaraman, S., Klein, R. M., Hilchey, M. D., Patil, G. S., & Mishra, R. K. (2015). Spatial gradients of oculomotor inhibition of return in deaf and normal adults. Experimental brain research, 1-8.(pdf)


Prof. Raymond Klein, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
Dr. Gouri Shanker Patil, Ali Yavar Jung Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Secunderabad, India

Cognition in Illiterates

We also study how literacy influences general cognitive abilities. Learning to read and write can have an impact on non-linguistic processes such as orienting and searching. The publication from this lab has provided evidence towards this using eye tracking and other behavioural tasks. We further aim to understand the changes in neural activity associated with the acquisition of literacy.

We will be undertaking longitudinal studies involving training illiterate participants and testing them on various cognitive tasks.

Selected publications

Olivers, C. N. L., Huettig, F., Singh, J. P., & Mishra, R. K. (2014). The influence of literacy on visual search. Visual Cognition, 22(1), 74-101.

Huettig, F., & Mishra, R. K. (2014). How literacy acquisition affects the illiterate mind–a critical examination of theories and evidence. Language and Linguistics Compass, 8(10), 401-427.

Mishra, R. K., Singh, N., Pandey, A., & Huettig, F. (2012). Spoken language-mediated anticipatory eye movements are modulated by reading ability: Evidence from Indian low and high literates. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 5(1).


Dr. Falk Huettig, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, Netherlands